Ananta Singh (December 1, 1903 – January 25, 1979) was born in Chittagong, Bangladesh. In 1930, this Indian revolutionary participated in the armoury raid in Chittagong. He found the Revolutionary Communist Council of India, a far-left radical communist group later. While studying in the Chittagong Municipal School, he met Surya Sen and became his follower. It was in 1921 that he got involved in the Non-cooperation movement as an Indian nationalist and motivated many of his schoolmates to join the movement. He supported Surya Sen’s plan for robbing the Assam Bengal Railway’s treasury office on December 14, 1923. After the robbery he fled, but in 1924 was arrested again and put into prison for 4 years. Later he recruited a number of youths and founded a gym for the Surya Sen led revolutionary movement.

Ananta Singh took shelter at Chandernagore after he had a short encounter at the Feni railway station with the police. However he heard that his fellow revolutionaries were being tortured in jail so on June 28, 1930 he surrendered in Calcutta. He was sentenced to transportation to life and put into Port Blair’s Cellular jail. In 1932 Ananta Singh went on a hunger strike and released in 1946 finally, only to join the Communist Party of India, an initiative which Rabindranath Tagore and Mahatma Gandhi had taken. In his controversial life from 1947 onwards he was arrested for various bank robberies for buying ammunitions and arms. Finally he was arrested along with other group members from their hideouts and put into prison till 1977. He died after his release after suffering from cardiac issues.