Ashfaqulla Khan: Freedom fighter for India in the Independence Movement :
Ashfaqulla Khan (October 22, 1900 – December 19, 1927) born in Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh, was a freedom fighter for India in the Independence Movement. Ram Prasad Bismil and he were Urdu poets as well as good friends. Ashfaqulla along with Bismil, sacrificed their lives together in the Indian freedom struggle. He used his pen name Hasrat for his writings. In the Hindustan Republican Association he was a prominent figure. He came from a family with a great military background and experience in administrative and police services. During Mahatma Gandhi’s Non Cooperation Movement in 1922, Ashfaq felt that India must attain freedom at the earliest and hence became friends with a revolutionary from Shahjahanpur, Bismil and also joined the revolutionaries.
The common objective both had was a united and free India. The Kakori train robbery was a plan he made along with revolutionaries to financially support untrained armies and use it against the government in the country. A case filed against the robbery led to detention of Ashfaqulla Khan in the Faizabad jail. The case concluded with death sentence awarded to Bismil Khan, Ashfaq and two others. On December 19, 1927, both were executed in different jails of Gorakhpur and Faizabad. Ashfaq was one of the younger generation revolutionaries who sacrificed his life for Indian Independence. He was hanged for his part in the conspiracy against the British rule.