Benoy Basu

Binoy Basu or Binoy Krishna Basu (September 11, 1908 – December 13, 1930) born in Rohitbhog village in Munshiganj District, Bikrampur. Also known as Binoy Bose, this Bengal freedom fighter was well known for launching an attack on the Secretariat Building – the Writers’ Building in Dalhousie Square in Kolkata. He attended the Mitford Medical School which is known now as Sir Salimullah Medical College. A revolutionary of Dhaka, Hemchandra Ghosh influenced him into revolutionary activities and he joined a secret society, ‘Mukti Sangha’ which was connected closely with the Jugantar Party. As he was associated with revolutionary activities he was not able to complete his medical education.  He along with his peers joined a group organized by Subhas Chandra Bose called Bengal Volunteers in 1928, at the occasion of INC – Indian National Congress session at Calcutta.

Binoy Basu started this organization’s local unit, called Bengal Volunteers in Dacca.  Political prisoners were given inhuman treatment in various jails by the British police. Accordingly Bose prepared a ‘Operation Freedom’ plan against the police repression in Bengal.  The revolutionary group made plans to kill the Inspector General of Police, Lowman in August 29, 1930. When the officer went to see an ailing senior police official, Benoy Bose breached the security and fired at Lowman at close range. This led to instantaneous death of Lowman and the Superintendant of Police named Hudson sustained grave injuries. Benoy managed to flee and the next target was the Inspector General of Prisons, Col NS Simpson, who oppressed prisoners brutally in various jails. Bose along with  Badal Gupta and Dinesh Gupta shot Simpson dead in the Writers’ Building. To avoid arrest, Benoy and Dinesh shot themselves after which Benoy was taken to hospital where he breathed his last on December 13, 1930.

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