Bertolt Brecht

Author: Bertolt Brecht

Profile: Bertolt Berthold Friedrich Brecht, better known professionally as Bertolt Brecht was a German poet, playwright and theatre practitioner. He was born in Augsburg, Germany and died in East Berlin. Brecht started writing poems as a young boy and continued writing hundreds of them till the end. Friedrich Brecht and Eugen Berthold were his alternative titles. His epic theatre exited from theatrical illusion conventions and advanced into drama as an ideological and social forum for leftist convictions. Despite going to exile in Denmark, Scandinavia and United States, many of his plays gained popularity.

Writing style: All through his life Bertolt Brecht wrote hundreds of poems most of which was influenced by the poetry of Villon and Rimbaud, French chansons and fold-ballads. Svendborger Gedichte was his last collection of new poetry in 1939.

Published Texts:

Awards and Acknowledgements:

1954 – Lenin Peace Prize

1922 – Kleist Prize

1970 – Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Lyrics (Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny)

1956 – Obie Award for Best Musical (The Threepenny Opera)

Fiction

Stories of Mr.Keuner

1934 – Threepenny Novel

1957 – The Business Affairs of Mr. Julius Caesar

Plays

1918/1923 – Baal

1918-20/1922 – Drums in the Night

1919 – The Beggar

1919/1926 – A Respectable Wedding

1919 – Driving Out a Devil

1919 – Lux in Tenebris

1919 – The Catch

1923 – Mysteries of a Barbershop

1921-24/1923 – In the Jungle of Cities

1924/1924 – The Life of Edward II of England

1926-30/1974 – Downfall of the Egotist Johann Fatzer

1924-26/1926 – Man Equals Man

1924-26/1926 – The Elephant Calf

1927/1927 – Little Mahagonny

1928/1928 – The Threepenny Opera

1928-29/1929 – The Flight across the Ocean

1929/1929 - The Baden-Baden Lesson on Consent

1929/1929 – Happy End

1927-29/1930 – The Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny

1929-30/1930 – He Said Yes / He Said No

1930/1930 – The Decision

1929-31/1959 – Saint Joan of the Stockyards

1930/1938 – The Exception and the Rule

1930-31/1932 – The Mother

1931/1932 – Kuhle Wampe

1933/1933 – The Seven Deadly Sins

1932-34/1936 – Round Heads and Pointed Heads

1933-34/1958 – The Horatians and the Curiatians

1935-38/1938 – Fear and Misery of the Third Reich

1937/1937 – Senora Carrar’s Rifles

1937-39/1943 – Life of Galileo

1939/1939 – How Much Is Your Iron?

1939 – Dansen

1938-39/1941 – Mother Courage and Her Children

1938-39/1940 – The Trial of Lucullus

1940 – The Judith of Shimoda

1940 – The Judith of Shimoda

1940/1948 – Mr.Puntila and his Man Matti

1939-42/1943 – The Good Person of Szechwan

1941/1948 – The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui

1942/1943 – Hangmen Also Die!

1942-43/1957 – The Visions of Simone Machard

1943/1943 – The Duchess of Malfi

1941-43/1957 – Schweik in the Second World War

1943-45/1948 – The Caucasian Chalk Circle

1947/1948 – Antigone

1948-49/1956 – The Days of the Commune

1950/1950 – The Tutor

1938-39/1951 – The Condemnation of Lucullus

1951/1951 – Report from Hermburg

1951-53/1962 – Coriolanus

1952/1952 – The Trial of Joan of Arc of Proven, 1431

1953-54/1969 – Turandot

1952/1954 – Don Juan

1955/1955 – Trumpets and Drums

Theoretical works

1930 – The Modern Theatre Is the Epic Theatre

1931 – The Threepenny Lawsuit

1935-1939 – The Book of Changes

1950 – The Street Scene

1958 – The Popular and the Realistic

1951 – Short Description of a New Technique of Acting which Produces and Alienation Effect

1949 – A Short Organum for the Theatre

1963 – The Messingkauf Dialogues

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