C. Rajagopalachari

Author: C. Rajagopalachari


Profile: C. Rajagopalachari or Chakravarti Rajagopalachari was a gifted writer, lawyer, Indian politician, statesman, historian and independence activist. He has a number of political achievements to his credit. Rajaji, Mango of Krishnagiri and CR were some of his nicknames or informal names. He was India’s last Governor-General. Rajaji has served as Chief Minister of Madras State, Minister of Home Affairs and the last Governor of West Bengal in 1950 when India became a Republic.

  1. Rajagopalachari completed his education at Presidency College (autonomous), Bangalore University and Bangalore Central University (1894). In 1916 he called for his mother tongue, Tamil to be introduced in schools as a medium of instruction.

Writing style: The Mahabharata and the Ramayana continue to be considered the finest of all English translation of C. Rajagopalachari.  According to him, the best way he could serve people, was through his writings which he wrote in English and his mother tongue, Tamil.

Published Texts:

1922 – Published Siraiyil Tavam (Meditation in jail)

1916 – Started the Tamil Scientific Terms Society (a group that coined new Tamil words for terms connected to mathematics, botany, astronomy and physics.

1951 – Mahabharata (an abridged retelling of the Mahabharata in English)

1957 – Ramayana

1959 - His book ‘Hinduism: Doctrine and Way of Life’ was published by the Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan

1961 – Translated the Tamil Ramayana of Kambar, into English

1965 – Translated the Thirukkural into English

1965 – Wrote books on the Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gita in English besides works on Marcus Aurelius and Socrates in Tamil.

Awards and Acknowledgements:

Sahitya Akademi Award (a literary honour in India in which India’s National Academy of Letters, called Sahitya Akademi which confers on writers each year for their most outstanding literary merit books in any of the major languages in India.

Founded the Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan (an organization for the promotion of Indian culture and education

Founded the Salem Literary Society

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