Metaphor

Figure of Speech – Metaphor

Metaphor: A metaphor is a figure of speech that compares an action or object to something that is not related but this comparison helps to explain the idea better or more powerfully. Therefore when on the face it states one thing it means another. It equates two things for comparison alone.  Never take a metaphor literally. Metaphors are used in literature, both in prose and poetry to add colour to the language. Practise Exercises Identify the two things that are being compared John Read More…

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Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal Verbs are generally used in conversation. It is used in place of a verb. The phrasal verb has a short verb and a preposition.  Thus ‘give up’ which has a verb and preposition can be used instead of ‘quit’. Phrasal verbs are used a lot by the native speakers. Sometimes phrasal verbs have two meanings. ‘Turn down’ has two meanings, to ‘reduce’ and to ‘reject’. ‘Turn down the volume of the radio’ can be read as ‘Reduce the volume of the radio.’ ‘She turned Read More…

Verbs- Transitive and Intransitive

Verbs- Transitive and Intransitive

Verbs- Transitive and Intransitive: The verb tells what a person or thing is, what a person does and what is done to a person. Sometimes verbs require an object to complete its sense and such verbs are called ‘Transitive Verbs’. Verbs which do not require an object to complete its sense is called ‘Intransitive Verbs’. There is classification of verbs into ‘transitive or intransitive’. The same verb can become transitive or intransitive based on how it is used. For example – the Read More…

Preposition

Parts of Speech Preposition

Parts of Speech Preposition: Preposition is a connecting word which shows a relation between noun or pronoun with another word in a sentence. In the sentence, ‘The clock is on the wall’, the preposition, ‘on’ shows the relationship between the clock and the wall.Sometimes the noun or the pronoun that follows a preposition is called an object. A preposition can have more than one object as in ‘ The helicopter flew over houses and rivers.’ Prepositions are used to express many relationships likeRead More…

Figure of Speech - Metonym

Conjunction

Conjunction is a word sometimes more than one word used to join words or sentences. It is used to join two independent statements of equal importance. This is called a coordinating conjunction. Some conjunction one statement to another while some others show contrast between two statements.  Some conjunctions are used in pairs like ‘either… or’, ‘neither….nor’,  ‘no sooner… than’. Practise Exercises Choose the correct joining word The child came ________ sat besideRead More…

Order of Adjectives

Order of Adjectives: Adjectives modify the noun and it is also known as describing words. Adjectives add colour to the written and spoken word. For instance: ‘Pamela’s hair is long’ gives a picture of Pamela’s hair. When we say, ‘Pamela’s hair was long, wavy and brown in colour’. This sentence is a better word picture giving us a better idea of Pamela’s hair. When two or more adjectives need to be used like in this sentence, the order of adjectives has to be followed. QuantiRead More…

Adjectives

Parts of Speech – Adjectives

Parts of Speech: Adjectives describe the qualities of a noun and sometimes the state of being of the nouns. Sometimes adjectives describe the quantity. Adjectives modify nouns. Some examples of adjectives are silly, fat, enormous, white, many, and nine. Adjectives are used to give more details about the noun and any beauty of the written or spoken word is enhanced with adjectives as they are describing words. Some adjectives can be graded like ‘very expensive or less expensive’. There are thRead More…