Domestic Policies and Impacts
Domestic policies and impact: Single Party states came up after the European countries gave up their control over the countries in Asia and Africa. The new states were greatly influenced by communism and even the dictatorial rule in Germany, Italy, Cuba and many other places. Some of these states tried to model after a single party state. Each country had a different background for a single party to come up. Most often they states had strong undisputed leaders and the ideologies that influenced the leader was followed by the people.
The domestic policies were influenced by the core idea of the principles held by the leader. So if a leader believed in communism and he made sure that communism was followed in his newly formed country too.
Argentina which is the second largest country in South America became free from Spain in 1816. The economy of Argentina was strong as they were exporting goods such as wheat and meat. Slowly with the help of European immigrants agricultural output began to increase. Later Europe and then US helped to build the railways, communications and other industries. However the period between 1930 and 1943 was known as the ‘infamous decade’ as the ‘Great Depression’ had affected the country.
The economic problems affected the political stability of the country. It was into this chaos that Juan Domingo Perón took charge of the country. Added to the economic problems there was corruption and no true democracy. Juan Peron found some effective solutions to the problems. The socialist parties of the country and the labour movements too could bring out significant changes. Argentina was in need of real leader.
Buenos Aires was unofficially controlling Argentina. The Second World War and the military secret society GOU (Grupo de Oficiales Unidos) were the two main reasons for Peron to come to power. The GOU had many progressive plans which were implemented properly by Peron. From the ranks of the Lieutenant General in the army Peron became a politician by adopting principles which was called Peronism or Justicialsim. His party was called Justicialist Party. His movement was based on ‘social justice, economic independence and political sovereignty’.
It was neither capitalism nor communism, it advocated corporatism where the state mediated between the classes of society. His party has won 9 out of the 12 elections. After a long stint from 1946 to 1955, he was overthrown in a coup. He came back to power in 1973 and remained so till his death in 1974. Though there were some parties in Argentina Peronism overruled all of them for more almost three decades.