Any type of farming which involve farming for a profit is called commercial farming. Farmers are growing crops or rearing animals for financial gains and these farms can be just growing crops or rearing animals or it can be a mix of both. In many countries, the respective governments are offering attractive offers and subsidies. These offers and subsidies are mainly for commercial farming of different types depending on the place. The crops produced in commercial farming are meant for widespread distribution to different kinds of vendors, wholesalers and even retailers. The commodities harvested and sold in commercial farming are wheat, rice, maize, tea, coffee, sugarcane, banana, cotton, cashew, rubber etc.
Commercial farming is generally found in advanced industrialised countries. Many of the bigger companies have their own unit to do the processing and the products are then sold to the wholesalers as a complete product. There are farmers who sell the products in as is condition, that is without processing and the processing is done in the premises of the wholesalers. Commercial farming includes livestock production and livestock grazing also. To involve in commercial farming the person involving should have a good capital and should be willing to implement technological processes.
In large scale production manual labour alone is not enough because the production capacity is going to be very high. This is the main reason why commercial farming is done by big corporate companies and financially sound individuals. The main intention of commercial farming is to achieve better profits through the economies of scale, specialisation, labour saving technologies, introduction of farming techniques which is capital intensive and increasing the crop yields per hectare through synthetic and other sources like the fertilisers, irrigation and hybrid seeds etc.
Crops Decided by the Market
In commercial farming, the choice of the crops or animals to raise is decided by the market and not the needs of the farmer and their well wishers. When compared to subsistence farming, commercial farming goes into meticulous detailing and there are many other things to be taken into consideration, like climate, location, raw materials, labour, transportation and the market forces. Since the products produced by commercial farming is meant for large scale production and distribution special care has to be taken in deciding the product and other factors mentioned above. Generally the commercial farming consists of very few variations of crop or livestock and this is selected and grown in large scale.
One minus point seen in commercial farming is the increased use of artificial pesticides and fertilizers to increase harvest. The farmers are forced to use this method because the scale of production is large and the finance involved is huge. This will have negative consequences on the environment and bad for the universe in the long run. Commercial farming is needed to meet the demand of the market and because of the growing population. Not all people can afford to do subsistence farming because of the lack of land and many other problems so they are forced to use the products done through commercial farming, henceforth commercial farming will continue to grow and flourish.