Madan Lal Dhingra (September 18, 1883 – August 17, 1909) was born in Amritsar, India in a Punjabi family. This Indian independence activist and revolutionary assassinated a British official, Sir William Hutt Curzon Wyllie, while studying at University College, in England. He worked for the India House Organization. This was one of the first assassinations during the 20th century, in connection with the Indian Independence movement. The nationalist Swadeshi movement greatly influenced him. Whether it was literature or causes of families troubled by poverty, he studied them and felt that key issues in finding solutions to them lay in Swadeshi (Independence) and Swaraj (Self government).

While studying in London he came in contact with Shyamji Krishna Varma and Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, the two noted Indian political and independence activists. Madan Lal Dhingra’s intense patriotism and perseverance impressed them which in turned his focus to the Indian freedom struggle. After the assassination of Sir Curzon, Dhingra attempted suicide which failed and he was overpowered by the police and immediately arrested. He was tried in court and later hand at Pentonville Prison on August 17, 1909. The British were publicly outraged but Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George privately expressed admiration for Dhingra’s act of maintaining a air of studied indifference while going to the gallows.