The Twenty Five Programme also known as the National Socialist programme was launched on February 24th, 1920 in Munich. National Socialist German Workers’ Party which was originally German Workers’ Party launched this programme. This announcement was made in front of around 2000 people in Munich.. Unlike the Austrian programme, German programme did not claim to be democratic or liberal. They were not against aristocracy r any political reaction. The programme did promote democratic institutions.
The Twenty Five Point Programme
- The first point was to unite all the Germans in Europe.
- The Treaty Of Versailles had drubbed the ego of the Germans. Germany now demanded an equal voice in the international matters like all other nations and wanted to abolish the Treaty of Versailles and St. Germain.
- Land and German territories changed after the WW I. So the next point was to restore land to Germany so that they could accommodate the people and maintain them as well.
- Only Germans can be the citizens of Germany which meant all others were excluded from any rights and this was especially true for the Jews.
- Non-Germans were considered as foreigners and had to follow the laws for them
- Only Germans could take part in the electoral process or hold any position in the government.
- Citizens are entitled to a decent livelihood. If that was not possible the first step would be to send off the foreigners.
- Non Germans who entered after August 2nd 1914 will have to leave Germany and no more new entrants will be entertained.
- Equal rights and duties for all citizens.
- All citizens must work for the benefit of all.
- All income should come only from working. All other income abolished. No payments for the unemployed.
- All profits made during the war will be confiscated and shared with the public.
- All public industries and trusts to be nationalised.
- Big companies must share their profits.
- An increase in old age pension.
- To support the middle class, small traders must do business. Large stores must rent out to small traders and help them to grow.
- Agrarian laws in national interest whereby large landowners will have to sacrifice some of their holdings.
- Severe punishments, even death, for people who worked against the welfare of the country. This included traitors, criminals, and profiteers and there was no exception to any caste or creed.
- Roman law to be replaced by the German Law.
- Better and education for all to be enforced. Higher education to be encouraged. The State Idea to be instilled. Talented children to be sponsored by the government.
- Improve the health of all. More maternity care centres, sports facilities for all, compulsory games, no juvenile labour and more.
- Abolition of the regular army and to form a People’s army in its place.
- Only German newspapers to be printed. All newspapers to carry news that would benefit the people and not provoke them.
- Freedom of religion as long as it did not oppose the German culture.
- Common good was more important than individual good and for this a central government with unrestricted power to be formed.
The 25 point programme was socialist, nationalist, racist and fascist all rolled into one. So it was popular with these people who were of the above categories, the farmers and the lower middle class people. However it did not go down well with communist working men and intellectuals.