Home Blog Page 3

Analysis of One Day In The Life Of Ivan Denisovich by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

0

One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich is a Russian novel written by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn and was published for the first time in November 1962 in a Russian magazine which translates as ‘New World’. It tells about a day of a prisoner in the Soviet labor camp in 1950s. Never before, had anyone openly written about the repressive policies of Joseph Stalin. Solzhenitsyn after studies enrolled in the army but was arrested for sending a private letter to Stalin criticizing the policies. He was in various prisons for 8 years. Only after Stalin’s death he was released as the regime of Nikita Khrushchev was a little liberal. It was his experiences in the prison that are reflected in the book. He continued to write after his release.

A Day

There are five English translations to this novel and the first one was published in 1963, one year after the original was published. This book has also been made into a film. In 1994 after the breakup of Soviet Union, Solzhenitsyn came back to his country and settled in St. Petersburg. Though he was opposed to communism he did not favour western system and democracy. He wanted an authoritarian government with Christian values.

As the title suggests the novel is about one day in the life of the political prisoner - Ivan Denisovich Shukhov. There are no stories or incidents of torture but the events of the day are written in great detail. The character of some of the inmates and the guards are elaborated. Past life or how some inmates came into the prison is also described in the book. The Gang 104 is the group Shukhov finds himself in and all the members of the group work in tandem for the good of the group thereby being in the good books of the guards.

Fever Not An Excuse To Shirk Work

That morning Shukhov wakes up with fever and aches all over and cannot reach on time for the roll call. He eyes a friendly warden and continues to sleep but he soon realizes that it is a new warden who pulls off his covers and punishes him to three days in the hole. For some reason he changes the punishment to cleaning his quarters which Shukhov does gladly and well too. He soon joins his gang for food and then is off to work. Before that he goes to the sick bay but the nurse is not sympathetic and he has to go to work.

The work first assigned is on the second floor and the cold was too hard to bear for it was minus thirty two degrees. Two of them find a tar paper to cover the window and get on with the work. While this is on each one has something to say and the work goes on well. They get to rest before lunch and after that a watery brew is served for lunch which is considered quite good by the inmates because it is this brew that keeps them alive. They have this and back to work. Now their work is to build a wall.

Gang 104

Gang 104 is very quick in their work, especially Shukhov. His focus is completely on the brick and mortar and his team mate Alvoshka, a devout Christian works as fast as Shukhov and they complete a large portion of the wall. After work there is a count again and one from another gang is found missing. They soon find him; he had fallen asleep while working. All this delays their trip back to the cell and increases their duration of staying out in the cold. Then back in the cell Shukhov rests in his cot without mattress thinking it was a good day.

The flesh and substance to the plot is the explanation of the lives of some inmates and the events in the day. Shukhov all through the novel comes across as someone who wants to eat well and helps Tsezar with small things and he gets to take his share of ration. Tsezar receives a parcel which has food, therefore he is willing to forego his ration. For small favours Shukhov gets food and a puff.

Each Day As It Comes

Shukhov also has a small metal piece to hide; any wrongful object found on the inmates was punishable. Shukhov wanted to make a knife out the metal scarp and exchange it for something, maybe food or puff. None of the inmates had any hopes or ambitions of anything outside the prison, they were a contented lot. Tyurin, the foreman of the gang, calls their prison his new home for he had no one back home and nothing to look forward to. The guards of the prison are also considerate to some extent.

For waking up late Shukhov would have got a few days in the hole. The hole was a cell with cold walls. According to Shukhov 15 days in the hole meant death and 10 days would mean pneumonia. Though he woke up late that day he was spared from the worst punishment. At another time in the day a prisoner calls Stalin ‘old man whiskers’ but none of the guards react. Shukhov states that in the political prison camps there is freedom of speech and the guards could care less when compared to other prison camps. However, the nurse in the sick bay is totally indifferent to Shukhov’s sickness and there are guards who are not kind and considerate.

Gang 104 do their work correctly and try to humor the guards and authority. The weather is described in detail and it is cold. The weather is likened to the heartless attitude of the guards and all yearn for warmth, better times in the prison. A little more understanding of the hardships they go through can make the prison a little warmer. Cold and warmth symbolize captivity and freedom and monotony and change. One day in 365 days of Shukhov ends with no untoward incident and he ends the day with a hope that all the remaining days would be like that too.

Tourism sites created by weathering

0

Tourism sites created by weathering

Tourism sites created by weathering - Weathering is the gradual breakdown of pre-existing rock due to natural processes. These processes can be very quick but some may take thousands of years to occur. Natural elements like rain, acid rain, thaw and freeze weather rocks as they are exposed to them. They break them into smaller pieces and then these pieces undergo chemical changes. The process for moving these weathered materials is called erosion. There are different types of weathering such as Physical or Mechanical Weathering, Chemical Weathering and Biological Weathering.

Mechanical Weathering is the process of weathering that mainly leads to the disintegration of rock whereas chemical weathering causes de-composition of rocks. Physical weathering is due to the rising temperature during the day. Minerals in the rock expand and as the temperature falls during the night, they contract. This process goes on continuously, stresses develop in the rock mass, the grains are separated and the rocks break away.

The rocks get disintegrated when rain water seeps into the gaps and ice is formed. This continuous change in temperature and the combine action of natural sources leads to weathering which is also known as exfoliation.

Tourism sites created by weathering

Chemical weathering depends upon the properties of the rock. In this process carbon dioxide in the atmosphere dissolves in rain water. This leads to the formation of mild carbonic acid, salts like calcium carbonic in limestone. The water or moisture in the air reacts with the ferrous minerals in the rocks. There rusting leads to decomposition of rocks.

Biological weathering happens when root or trees grow in the cracks of rocks. This creates stresses in the rock mass and the cracks widen. Different animals and insects dig the lands to make holes. The products of weathering are sediments and cool landforms. Normally Chemical weathering makes way for Physical weathering.

Erosion is the movement of weather rock, agents of erosion that are more active are winds, floods, waves, streams etc. There are various types of erosion. Mass wasting is one of them that are the downhill movement of material due to gravity. As the slop of the material increases, the rate increases. The steepest slop at which the material will remain stable is called the angle of repose. This is determining by the shape, density and size of the particles. The types of mass wasting are slum, rock slides, and rock fall and mud flow.

Tourism sites created by weathering

Erosion by moving water results in streams. The running water transports sediments with them. The running water cuts into the surface of the earth, and builds a channel that is surrounded by a bank on either side. When the load of a stream is a resistant rock it can abrade the surface of bed rock. The prolonged scratching can gouge rock, and eventually a canyon can be formed. Ocean erosion results in the formation of sea clips, terraces, stack and caves.

Abrasion is the process in which windblown sediment collides and wears rocks down. Deflation is processing of wind picking up sediments and transporting them. This is called Wind Erosion. When deflation is concentrated, a deflation hollow is formed. There are thousands of such hollows on the Great Plains. Areas formed with this process are called deserts. As sand travels through the desert, being eroded by wind, dunes start to form. Streams too are agents of erosion.

When a stream is young it generally flows quickly and forms a long V shaped valley in the ground. In matured stream, the slop gets eroded over time and becomes much less steep. Gradually the water slows down and deposits its load and a broad flat flood plain is formed.

In an old stream peneplain is formed. This peneplain has oxbow lakes and cutoffs. Gradually the stream meanders and becomes heavily eroded where you find cliffs. The inside of the meander is where a sand beach can be deposited. Glaciers are formed after long periods of snow fall usually in the mountains.

Tourism sites created by weathering

As the snow begins to crystallize into solid ice, the pressure continues to increase. This squeezing motion forces the ice to flow as liquid. These glaciers carry sediments that are the size of boulders for thousands of miles. This causes deep groves in the rock called glacial scratches. As the glacier begins to recede, the sediment that is deposited is called Morraine. Long Island is an example of the same.

Utah (USA)/ Slick Rock

This is the result of Chemical Weathering due to oxidation. The result is much the same as an Iron nail. When these bonds are re-arranged the bonds of the rock are weakened. If you compare a rusty nail to a new nail the unweathered nail is much stronger. It is the unweathered part of the rock which is the favorite site for tourists known as Red rocks ride. Here mountain bikers patronize for adventure as the rocks are rustier than the bikes in this climate.

Hyden Perth- Australia / Hyden Rock

Wave rock and Hyden rock are part of a 160-hectare nature reserve, Hyden Wild Life Park. This rock is a natural formation shaped like a tall breaking ocean wave. It is about 14 meters high and 110 meters long. More than 150 thousand tourists visit this site every year. It is an example of weathering of granite bed rock beneath a lateralized land surface about 130 million years ago. The wave rock is an example of chemical weathering of the bed rock by ground water. The wave rock has been used as a back drop for TV programs and even movies. It is known for its weekend musical festival held once a year.

Arizona USA/Grand Canyon

Grand Canyon is one of the 7 natural miracles. It is one of the most visited places on the earth and a most popular tourist destination. This is a simple natural effect of erosion. The 3 main weathering processes that have formed the Grand Canyon are Ice, Wind and Water of which water is the primary cause. Located in the desert of Arizona where the soil is very hard and dry, it leads to weak absorption of water.

Tourism sites created by weathering

This wind erosion erupts away the softer part of the rock and soil and leaves the harder layers. The stream erosion carries the light weight particles in suspension. The small particles do not sink and the heavier particles are moved by a processed called traction. During the winter months, ice erosion takes place as the water seeps into the cracks between the rocks. The water freezes, expands and pushes the rocks apart and thereby widening the cracks.

Mascarene Islands, Mauritius/Reunion and Rodrigues

These islands are the tops of great volcanic cones that have risen from the Ocean floor. Mauritius has emerged from the sea millions of years ago. These Islands were formed over a hot spot caused by a mantle plume welling under the African Plate with a source in the lower mantle. These are ocean islands characteristic by distinct volcanic phases. Mauritius is a tourist destination, an island with splendid primary volcanic features. It is known for its smaller islands where tourists from all over the world visit.

Alaska/USA/Death Valley

This hanging valley opens onto Tar inlet, Alaska, part of Glacier Bay National Park. This is a hanging valley which is formed by the ice moving through the tributary glaciers being less than that in the main glacier. As the base in the tributary glaciers is not lowered to the level of the main glacier, they remain at some elevation. When the ice melts, these values of tributary glaciers appear to be hanging over the main glacier. The National Park is visited by tourist from all over the world. It has a beautiful waterfall and the Death Valley lodging is well known to tourist.

Ngaurehoe New Zealand/ Tongariro National Park

This is the fourth biggest national park in the world and the 1st in New Zealand. It is situated on 3 active volcanoes and is the result of the eruption of Ngauruhoe that has erupted at least every nine years. More than a million people visit Tongariro National Park every year. In summer the tourist go on hiking and walking adventures and the tourist visit this site during winter too.

Western Ganges Garhwali Himalayas/ Hanging Valley of Gods
It is also known as Ha Ki Doon. This is a cradle shape valley which is bounded by dense forest of pines and gleaming mountain peaks. It is a result of physical and chemical weathering and erosion with the help of snow. This place has the Swarga-Rohini peak as its main attraction, the Govind wild life sanctuary with beautiful villages, all located in the Fateh Parvat Region.

Sumbawa Island/ Indonesia/ Mount Tambora

This forms its own peninsular on Sumbawa known as the Sanggar peninsula. To its north is the Flores Sea and in the South the Saleh Bay. This location is abundant with luxurious resorts where celebrities from all over the world spend their holidays. The tourists are attracted here for hiking and wild life activities. These Islands are a string of volcanic islands that are resulted from physical and chemical weathering.

Analysis of Love by George Herbert

0
love by george herbert

Analysis of ‘Love’ by George Herbert

Love – George Herbert

Background

Analysis of ‘Love’ by George Herbert - George Herbert lived during the late 16th and early 17th century and He died early and never enjoyed robust health. Educated at Cambridge University, he could have chosen and got a position at the Court. But surprisingly he chose to be a vicar at a small parish near Salisbury.

Most of the poems written by Herbert are like spiritual autobiographies and Most of them are concerned with his struggle with doctrine and faith. surprisingly, subsequent acceptance of the Church of England. His poems reveal a man of great intelligence who invested or put in a lot of time and effort in his works which turned out to be beautiful and shrouded with mystery.

Metaphorical Inferences

This is a poem that can be read at several levels. On one hand, it can be a dialogue between a guest and the host of a feast. It can also be interpreted as a dialogue between Herbert and God. It can also be a conversation between a pilgrim’s soul and God. Herbert’s Love can be classed as a piece belonging to the Metaphysical school of poetry which employed a rich profusion of metaphors.

This poem is marked by genuine emotion and Herbert seems to be conscious of his lack of credentials to be present at God’s feast or communion. He is “dust” and is marked by the original sin. His eyes are not worthy of gazing at God, he says. God tells him, he made those eyes, therefore, they are worthy. The host explains to the guest “sweetly” why his presence at the feast is honorable. When the guest is unwilling to accede to God’s request, his tone changes and he imperiously “tells” the guest to sit and eat.

Summary - Analysis of ‘Love’ by George Herbert

Herbert personifies God as a being filled with love. The guest who is Herbert or an ordinary Christian longs to go in and meet God and gaze at his face. But he is keenly aware of his unworthiness as he considers himself a mortal who is guilty of the original sin. Seeing him shrink back, God approaches him and asks him what he needs.

The guest wants to be inside but feels he does not deserve this honor. He is ashamed of himself and does not deem his eyes fit or worthy to gaze upon God, but God counters that argument saying that those eyes were made by God Himself. God pacifies the guest by saying that He died on the cross for expiation of the sin of man. Brooking no further argument the host forces the guest to sit and partake of the feast.

Analysis - Analysis of ‘Love’ by George Herbert

Line 1. Love or God welcomes the guest but the guest shrinks back conscious of his unworthiness to be in God’s presence. God has been personified as Love by the poet. Though written in the 17th century, the language sounds surprisingly modern and renovated.

Line 2. The guest is made of base material and this makes him feel he is not worthy of being in God’s presence. He is also guilty of man’s first sin. The Bible says that man is made of “dust” and goes back to being “dust” after death.

Line 3. But the all-seeing God notices the guest holding back.

Line 4. After making the initial entrance…

Line 5. Love comes close to the guest and asks in a sweet voice…

Line 6. Whether the guest needed anything,

Analysis of ‘Love’ by George Herbert

Line 7. The guest answers that what he lacks is the worthiness as a guest to enter God’s abode.

Line 8. Love says that Herbert is a worthy guest.

Line 9. The guest cannot believe that he, unworthy that he is, can be considered a worthy guest. He is unkind and ungrateful.

Line 10. The guest says that his eyes have not the right to gaze on god.

Line 11. God gently takes the guest’s hand and replies with a smile.

Line 12. He reminds him that the guest’s eyes were fashioned by none other than God.

Line 13. The guest agrees with that but he defiled them. For the shame that he carries…

Line 14. He deserves to go to Hell.

Line 15. God reminds him that he had taken upon himself the sin of man and died on the cross to expiate that sin. Jesus dies on the cross to wash away the sin of man.

Line 16. The guest then offers to serve at God’s feast.

Line 17. God forcefully tells him to sit and partake of the feast.

Line 18. So the guest sits down and eats.

Overall Impression.

The poet at the door of God’s mansion is troubled in spirit as he is conscious of his sin. God is sensitive to the guest’s moods and tries to put him at ease by making kind inquiries. The poet dares not gaze on God as his eyes are marred with guilt. After that, he feels that he deserves punishment rather than love and respect.

The complex relationship between God and a remorseful sinner is explored further when God pacifies him by saying that his eyes can indeed gaze and look on God as they are God’s handiwork. Shame on account of man’s sin to the happy acceptance of God’s love is the theme of this poem. God is gentle and understanding yet firm but, He is not ready to listen to endless protests from the poet.

Problems in Germany 1918-1920

0

9th November 1918 – Germany is in a terrible condition. There are riots, strikes and uprisings by the workers and soldiers. The Kaiser abdicates and flees to Holland. This is known as the German Revolution.

10th November 1918 – Ebert the socialist leader forms a government at the German town of Weimar. Germany is now a Republic.

11th November 1918 – Ebert signs the armistice with the allies and Germany surrenders.

January 1919 – Germany has free elections for the first time in its history. Ebert is elected. He becomes President of the Weimar Republic.

Problems for Ebert and the socialists

Political party Leader What they believed/wanted
 

Socialists

 

Ebert

The workers should be looked after (given food, jobs etc) but there was to be no revolution.
 

German Communists

Karl Liebknecht &

Rosa Luxemburg

The workers to have a revolution. The workers would then run the country – government, factories, business etc.
 

The Freikorps

ex soldiers and sailors

 

Dr Wolfgang Kapp

Hated the communists and fought them in the streets.   Believed in a strong army and a strong Germany.
Right Wing Parties

(eg the German Workers’ Party)

 

-----------

A strong and powerful Germany, with a large empire and a very strong army. They had liked the Kaiser’s system of one-man rule.

 

Early 1919-1920:

  • The Spartacists (communists) try to overthrow the government and seize control of towns all over Germany. Ebert asks the army and the Freikorps to defeat the communists. They do this successfully and many spartacists are killed including Liebknecht and Luxemburg.
  • Despite this defeat the communists remain a powerful anti-government force in the 1920s.

May 1919: the terms of the Treaty of Versailles announced. Ebert’s opponents turn their anger on him and the socialists. They believe that the German army had been ‘stabbed in the back’ by the socialist and liberal politicians who had signed the armistice. Ebert and the Weimar Republic are blamed for the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, and his opponents use this as a rallying point.

March 1920: The Kapp Putsch (putsch = rebellion)

5000 Freikorps try to take over Berlin and overthrow the socialist government. It fails. The workers of Berlin declared a general strike, and Kapp realised he had no support.

 

History of Europe and the Islamic world

0

Society and economy

In the medieval period in Europe Islam and Christianity flourished. The fact to be reckoned was that Islam was spreading really fast and if some powerful Christian rulers had not defeated some advances of the Muslims, Europe would have had Muslim nations. The fact that papacy was powerful and they supported only Christians and extended all support to them is one of the reasons that Christianity continued to be strong in Europe and Islam moved to African and Asian countries. Islam began to become popular from 632. After Prophet Mohammed his relatives took charge and declared themselves to be caliphs. However some other clans like Umayyad, Abbasid also came to power and declared themselves to be caliphs.

Society

The administration under the caliphs was decentralized. The local administrators had considerable power. Other cultures were tolerated as long as they paid special tax, did not revolt and obeyed the rules of the caliphate. Arabic was the official language. Slavery was a major part of the social fabric and was the labour force of the country. Landlords remained in power and farmers were the bulk of the population. Under the Abbasid dynasty hospitals, schools, orphanages and mosques were set up throughout the empire. This helped in the spread of intellectual ideas. Algebra and Greek became popular. Studies on latitude and longitude were taken up. Greek and Persian texts were translated into Arabic. Some universities were also established. During early Islam women were treated very well; they were considered equal to men. They could keep their dowries and female infanticides were never heard of.  Two major clans of the Muslims were the Shiites and Sunnis. Shiites were the descendents of the Prophet Mohammed and in the Sunnis branch anyone could become the caliph. The Sunni branch is larger.

Economy

Some economic innovations which was came up in that period remain to this day and some have been modified and got a new form. Paper money was introduced. Flying cash or letters of credit was adapted from China. Serfs could work on the land but could never leave the land. Trade routes increased during this period. The west and the east were better connected so there was a large transfer of knowledge and practises in all fields. Gold, ivory spices and slaves were traded from places below the Sahara while cloth, salt and metal ware came from Sahara. Through the Silk Route silk and porcelain from China came into the European countries. By finding routes to India through Indian Ocean more trade routes were discovered. Europe was mostly interested in the spices form the East Indies. But there was unfavourable balance between the two continents as in the east no one really wanted the European goods. Trade not only improved economy but also brought many cultural exchanges.

What is the relationship between the Islamic world and the European Renaissance?
What did Islam do to Europe?
When did Muslims go to Europe?
Who stopped the spread of Islam in Europe?

The Woodspurge – Dante Gabriel Rossetti

0

Summary

Using simple but forceful language consisting almost entirely of monosyllables, Dante Gabriel Rossetti is able to recreate a moment of intense personal grief and contemplation. Nowhere in the poem is it mentioned why the narrator is grief stricken. He wanders aimlessly, going where the wind leads him. Finally he flops down, it is not clear where, puts his head down of his knees in a gesture of despondency and then observes in a moment increased visual awareness, the shape of the woodspurge.

Main Subject

Though the title of the poem is The Woodspurge, the poem is not about it. Nature itself is mentioned in the poem but it does not play a direct role. Nature is relegated to the background and the main, rather the only theme of the poem, is the narrator’s grief.

Purpose

The purpose of the poem is to focus on the intense grief and turmoil of the narrator that drove him out into the open where he wanders aimlessly for a time till he flops down, head on his knees. Though the grief in intense, there is no mention of its cause nor of any moral lessons learnt at the end. In a moment of heightened consciousness, the narrator notices the three cupped form of the woodspurge that remains imprinted in his tortured mind.

“One thing learnt remains to me,—
The woodspurge has a cup of three.”

Emotions 

The poem is all about an overflow of a particular emotion – here, grief. The narrator if so moved that he is walking not in any particular direction but where the wind takes him. In the last stanza he says that at the end of even an intense period of grief, it is not necessary that a person receives any wisdom. In fact the cause of the grief itself may be erased from memory.

“From perfect grief there need not be
Wisdom or even memory:”

All that remains from this moment is the memory of the woodspurge blossoms.

Technique / Craftsmanship

The poet pushes the sorrow of the narrator into the foreground by leaving nature and everything else unadorned in the background. The central focus is sharply fixed on his mental state. The poet also consistently uses monosyllabic words to make the movement of the narrator slow as though he is plodding along.

“I had walk’d on at the wind’s will,—
I sat now, for the wind was still.”

Structure

Many of the Victorian poets used the lyric to advantage when they had to focus on grief or a personal loss. The narrator’s condition of mind is reflected in the choice of words, imagery and diction. Nature is kept vague and universal and it fades becoming just a backdrop to the narrator’s grief. The only clear details that emerge are of the flower.

Language

The bare descriptions help to show that the narrator is so pre-occupied with his grief, he does not notice where he is going. The location is kept vague so that the focus remains on the narrator’s mental state. The consistent use of monosyllabic words slows the movement to a crawl and gives the poem a dirge like tone.

Imagery

The images in the poem are stark; shorn of adornment or descriptors, the focus remains on the narrator and his turmoil. Nature is painted with broad brushstrokes without making it specific. Even the description of the flower is limited to its physical appearance.

“The woodspurge flower’d, three cups in one”

Movement / Rhythm

The consistent use of monosyllabic words slows down the tempo of the poem ans we can sense the plodding walk of the narrator along the hill and amidst the trees. The rhyme scheme is a simple aaaa, bbbb,cccc  introduces a dullness and inactivity that reflects the poets apathy. No word escapes his lips, not even “Alas”,

My lips, drawn in, said not Alas!

The poem is divided into four line stanzas that use iambic tetrameter as their structure.

Figures of Speech

This poem is shorn of ornamentations that mark Rossetti’s later poetry. The Woodspurge is all about the narrator’s grief and mental turmoil that forces him to move about not in any particular direction. When the wind stops, he flops down unaware of where he is, but in a moment of visual sharpness notices the flower accurately and that memory remains with him.

Tips On Descriptive Essay Writing

0

Tips On Descriptive Essay Writing

Tips On Descriptive Essay Writing – A vivid picture of a particular thing, place or person is created with the help of descriptive essay, by writers. Through a personal story, the meaning of a subject is revealed with the help of sensory and detailed observation. Power of all the senses of humans and language is employed in a descriptive essay which in turn helps in bringing to life the topic for the reader.

Job of the writer is well done if in case the reader attains a feeling that he has held that particular object, visited that particular place or met the person mentioned in the descriptive essay. For the significance of the subject, deep appreciation and emotional connection has to be felt by the reader.

• Pre-Writing Or Creating An Initial Draft

Students should dedicate time for thinking about the person or object they are describing and why. They need to make a decision on whether they want to write on the significance of a particular person in their lives or any particular object that holds meaning for them. There is no need for the topic to be unusual or popular. The subject on which student wants to write can be a favorite toy or object, a tree house, place, a grandparent or just about anything.

Tips On Descriptive Essay Writing

• Dedicate Time To Think About Qualities

After selecting the topic, the student has to next spend time in thinking about the qualities that need description. All topic related details need brainstorming. Find out details like where the person lives, location of the object, physical characteristic, ideas, feelings, memories, emotion, etc. Emotion and memory play a key role in conveying significance of the subject to the reader. Focus on each paragraph has to be planned and an outline created so that details can be put into a sequence that makes logic.

• Avoid ‘Telling’ Ensure ‘Showing’

Follow the outline and your goal for providing the reader with an enriching experience while creating the initial draft of the subject. You need to note that telling has to be avoided in the descriptive essay. You need to ensure ‘showing’ in the descriptive essay and for this all senses have to be involved including taste, sight, smell, hearing and touch. This will enable the reader to feel what you are trying to describe.

• Reread The Work Done

The descriptive essay needs to be revised. Students will be able to reorganize, modify and review the descriptive work in the revision phase. Find out whether adequate details are provided to give a complete picture, are there any confusing words or paragraphs incorporated, is the right meaning and emotion conveyed via the figurative language and word choices, and whether a proper connection between the meaning and the description to the writer etc. is made.

Tips On Descriptive Essay Writing

Right from the time the opening paragraph to the concluding paragraph, the writer will have to keep the reader in mind. In detailing, the essay must be precise.

• Proofreading And Editing

One of the important processes in writing a descriptive essay is correcting errors and proofreading. Mechanics and grammar can be corrected, besides improving writing clarity and style. Loading of adverbs, adjectives, clichés etc need to be taken care of. Any trouble spots can be easily edited and rectified in the descriptive essay in this manner.