Ram Prasad Bismil

Ram Prasad Bismil (June, 11, 1897 – December 19, 1927) was an Indian revolutionary born in Shahjahanpur. He struggled against imperialism of the British and participated in the Kakori conspiracy in 1925 and Manipuri Ram Prasad Bismilconspiracy in 1918. Besides being a freedom fighter, he wrote in Urdu and Hindi using pen names Bismil, Agyat and Ram. He became well known with the name ‘Bismil’ only. He also was a patriotic poet. A book called Satyarth Prakash written by Swami Dayanand Saraswati inspired him at the time he was associated with the Arya Samaj. Through an Arya Samaj preacher and guru, Swami Somdev, he developed confidential connection with Lala Har Dayal.

Ram Prasad Bismil was one of the members who founded, Hindustan Republican Association, a revolutionary organization. Bismil translated the book Bolshevikon Ki Kartoot from Bengali and Catherine from English as well. Matrivedi (Altar of Motherland) was also a revolutionary organization, Bismil had formed. He also played an active role in the Ahmedabad Congress. With the help of Maulana Hasrat Mohani he got the most debated Poorna Swaraj proposal passed in the Congress General Body meeting. In the Kakori Conspiracy, a one and a half year legal process followed Bismil along with 3 others were sentenced to death. Bismil was hanged in Gorakhpur jail on December 29, 1927.