Revision Questions for Collapse of Soviet control over Eastern Europe

4 markers:

1. What were the Soviet Union’s main aims for Europe after the Second World War?

2. What was the ‘Iron Curtain’?

3. How did the Soviet Union gain control of Eastern Europe?

4. What was the Warsaw Pact?

5. Describe the agreements that brought the Soviet–controlled countries together.

6. What caused the Hungarian rebellion of 1956?

7. How did the Russians control the Hungarian economy in 1956?

8. Describe the work of the AVH.

9. Describe the Hungarian uprising.

10. What was the Prague Spring?

11. What were the reforms proposed in Czechoslovakia?

12. What measures did Dubcek adopt to avoid Soviet intervention?

13. What was the Soviet response to the Prague Spring?

14. What was the Brezhnev Doctrine?

15. What was the period of ‘normalisation’?

16. What was the impact of the exodus from East Berlin to West Berlin in 1948?

17. What were the reactions of the western allies to the Berlin Wall?

18. What was Solidarity?

19. What were the demands made by the strikers in Poland, in 1980?

20. What was Gorbachev’s attitude towards Eastern Europe?

21. What were the key policies adopted by Mikhail Gorbachev to tackle corruption?

22. What were the external factors responsible for the collapse of Soviet control?

23. What was the ‘arms race’?

6 markers:

1. Why was there opposition to Soviet Control in Hungary in 1956?

2. Why did the United Nations or any western country intervene to support Hungary?

3. Why was there opposition to Soviet Control in Czechoslovakia in 1968?

4. Why did the Hungarian uprising pick up momentum in 1956?

5. Why did Khrushchev agree to the demands of Nagy?

6. Why was Nagy a threat to Soviet Russia?

7. Why did the Czechs demand for reform?

8. Why did the Czechoslovakian economy struggle through the 1960s?

9. Why did Dubcek place a lot of emphasis on the fact that Czechoslovakia did not want to break away from Soviet control?

10. Why were the Soviets afraid of the proposed reforms in Czechoslovakia?

11. Why was the Berlin Wall built in 1961?

12. Why did the west do nothing about the Berlin Wall?

13. Why did a number of East Berliners leave for West Berlin after 1948?

14. Why did the workers strike in Poland in 1980?

15. Why did the Polish government suspend Solidarity in 1981?

16. Why was Solidarity successful where other collaborated efforts had failed?

17. Why did Jaruzelski proclaim martial law on December 13, 1981?

18. Why was Solidarity legalized in 1989?

19. Why did Gorbachev promote Glasnost beyond Russia?

20. Why was USSR’s intervention in the Afghanistan a contributor to the loss of power in Eastern Europe?

10 markers:

1. ‘The unrest in Hungary and Czechoslovakia during the Cold War benefitted the USA’. How far do you agree with the statement? Explain your answer.

2. ‘The events in Hungary in 1956 and in Czechoslovakia, in 1968 were largely similar.’ How far do you agree with the statement? Explain your answer.

3. ‘The wall prevented West Berlin from becoming the starting point for a military conflict’. How far do you agree with the statement? Explain your answer.

4. ‘Gorbachev was personally responsible for the collapse of Soviet control over Eastern Europe’. How far do you agree with the statement? Explain your answer.

5. ‘Gorbachev’s policies of Glasnost and Perestroika were communist in nature’. How far do you agree with the statement? Explain your answer.

6. ‘Solidarity spelled the end of the Soviet Union’. How far do you agree with the statement? Explain your answer.

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