Robert Frost, born on March 26, 1874 in San Francisco, California, was an American poet, one of the foremost of the 20th century. For Poetry, he was awarded four Pulitzer Prizes the first one being for his book, New Hampshire. Through situations and language familiar to the common man he depicted realistic life in New England. For four decades he spent life as an unknown. When the WWI started he returned to England and exploded on the scene. He became an unofficial ‘poet laureate’ and poetic force of USA and at the inauguration of President John F. Kennedy, he was a special guest.
He spent his early years in San Francisco. He then moved to Massachusetts to Lawrence town with his grandparents, sister Jeanie and mother. When he graduated in 1892 he married his co-valedictorian, Elinor White. Frost attended Darmouth College, after which he did a lot of unfulfilling jobs. An Elegy called ‘My Butterfly’ was the first poem he published in 1894 in a weekly literary journal ‘The Independent’. He attended Harvard University beginning 1897 but due to health issues, after two years, he dropped out. Frost move to a farm in New Hampshire with children and wife, but had face a difficult personal life. However as far as his writing was concerned, he had a fruitful time.
It was during this phase that he acclimated himself to life in the rural areas and grew to depict it in his poems out of which one was ‘The Trial By Existence’ and the other was ‘The Tuft of Flowers’. However he wasn’t able to find publishers for these poems. ‘A Boy’s Will’, the first book of poems printed when he was 38 years of age, was followed by ‘North of Boston’ twelve months later. It was during this time that Edward Thomas and Ezra Pound, two fellow poets in significant ways influenced his life. ‘The Road Not Taken’ was one of his most famous poems. After 1914, the literary world received him well, on returning back to America with his wife. ‘Mountain Interval’ is a collection of works he published in 1916.
Frost had a long teaching career at various colleges. He earned more than 40 honorary degrees. He lost his wife to cancer in 1938. Frost suffered complications from prostate surgery after which he died on January 29, 1963 and was survived by Irma and Lesley, two of his daughters.