Sri Aurobindo

Sri Aurobindo (August 15, 1872 – December 5, 1950) was born in Kolkata. He was an Indian nationalist, yogi, poet, philosopher and guru. He participated in the Indian movement for independence from the British rulers. This influential leader took his education at St. Paul’s School in London, King’s College, Cambridge and University of Cambridge. Later on he became a spiritual reformer and introduced his visions on spiritual evolution and progress in humans. After his education he took up different civil service works and became involved in nascent revolutionary movement and nationalist politics in Bengal. He wrote articles against the British rulers and was involved in bomb making. Following these activities, he was arrested and imprisoned.

While in jail, Sri Aurobindo had spiritual and mystical experiences and later he left politics and moved for spiritual work to Pondicherry. Sri Aurobindo practiced Integral Yoga, spiritual practice method, with the central theme of evolving human life into life divine. He was of the belief that with spiritual realization, a human could enable a divine life on earth by transforming his nature. He found the Sri Aurobindo Ashram with the assistance of Mirra Alfassa also known as ‘The Mother’, a spiritual collaborator. His well known works include commentaries and translations of the Bhagvad Gita, Upanishads and Vedas, besides poetry and philosophy. On December 5, 1950 he left his mortal body, in Pondicherry. In 1942 and 1950 he was nominated the Nobel Peace Prize in Literature and Nobel Peace Prize.