Chinnaswami Subramania Bharati, (December 11, 1882 – September 11, 1921) popularly known as Mahakavi Bharati and Bharathiyar was a Tamil journalist, poet, social reformer, an activist in Indian independence and writer from Tamil Nadu. He was a pioneer literary figure and modern Tamil poet. During the Indian Independence movement, nationalism and patriotism was kindled with his numerous fiery songs. He worked for numerous newspapers as journalist, but the most notable of them were ‘India’ and ‘Swadesamitran’. He was an active member of the Indian National Congress. His works covered a range of themes including social, political and religious aspects. In the newspapers he covered a diverse range of subjects including nationalistic writings on the French and Russian revolutions, hymns and contemplations on the relationship between Man and God.
His songs were used often in music concerts and Tamil films all through India and abroad wherever Tamil Indians live. Subramania Bharati was conferred the title ‘Bharati’ when he learnt music at a very young age. He recognized the emancipation and privileges of women. Bharati was considered to be a social visionary, a people’s poet, outstanding freedom fighter and great nationalist. Being well versed in a number of languages he translated the speeches of National reform leaders of India like Swami Vivekananda, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Aurabindo. On feminism he had strong opinion that is both women and men are deemed equal, the world is sure to prosper in intellect and knowledge.