Sanctions by the UN

Sanctions by the UN

Sanctions by the UN Some think the let-down of UN peacekeeping and peace enforcement in the 1990s caused an improved dependence on sanctions. This can be viewed as a procedure of forced negotiation and which signifies a negative form of action that can be used for both discouraging and compelling. For example, a war which is seen as over may start soon and the struggles made by the peacekeeping force post the war might suffer a setback. So it may be required to impose or sometimes even re-imRead More…

UN Peacekeeping

UN Peacekeeping

UN peacekeeping has undergone a procedure of progression from simpler safeguard type forces forced between hostile forces to support a cease-fire to more intricate multidimensional kinds of operations that may include the peace-building of failed states. The ONUC, United Nations Operations in the Congo is typical case where the peace keeping force became a military force. Around 20,000 troops were stationed from 1960 to 1964. Congo after its independence was full of conflicts and was totally unsRead More…

Rwanda and Srebrenica

Rwanda and Srebrenica

Rwanda and Srebrenica: While examining the evolution of UN peacekeeping two cases stand out. Out of the more than fifty cases since 1945 these two cases calls for special attention and that is the genocide that happened in Rwanda in 1994 and the brutal killing of about eight thousand Bosnian Moslems in Srebrenica in Bosnia in the year 1955. These horrendous events occurred when Kofi Annan, was the Under-Secretary-General for UN Peacekeeping. These two events symbolized some the all-time low iRead More…

Regionalization of UN Peacekeeping

The Growing Regionalization of UN Peacekeeping

The Growing Regionalization of UN Peacekeeping The United Nations have been criticised on many grounds as far as the peacekeeping operations are concerned. There have been so many unsuccessful operations and it could be attributed to lack of resources and overstress due to the number and enormity of the peacekeeping operations. One method that has been adopted to compensate these failures is regionalization of peacekeeping. Dependence of Regional Organizations In the 90s UN was involveRead More…

UN Peacekeeping

Resurgence of UN Peacekeeping in the New Millennium

Resurgence of UN Peacekeeping in the New Millennium: After the let-downs in Rwanda and Yugoslavia during the 1990s, there was a major downscaling of the UN peacekeeping.  The size of the blue helmets volunteers in the field was condensed from the earlier 70,000 to 14,000. In 1999 there was a rapid swell in demand for the UN peacekeeping force, and a readiness to increase the force, by Secretary-General Kofi Annan to meet the need saw more members in the UN peacekeeping force in the beginning ofRead More…

United Nations for Collective Security

United Nations for Collective Security

United Nations for Collective Security The end of World War I saw the formation of League of Nations founded on the points laid out Woodrow Wilson, the President of US. The core idea was to avoid wars that destroyed lives and nations. Unfortunately this league could not stop the Second World War which was more widespread and destructive than the First World War. The word ‘United Nations’ was coined by Franklin.D.Roosevelt and first used on January 1, 1942 but that was to reinforce the decRead More…

Peacekeeping and Enforcement Operations

Issues faced by Peacekeeping and Enforcement Operations

Issues faced by Peacekeeping and Enforcement Operations: Peacekeeping or chapter VI operations more often than not deals with a situation in which the approval of the host state or states where the force is to be positioned has been secured.  Usually these consent type forces were authorised under chapter VI which deals with peacemaking, within the framework of third-party arbitration of a conflict, and not chapter VII. Chapter VII dealt with enforcement action which generally does not need Read More…