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Verbs- Transitive and Intransitive

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Verbs- Transitive and Intransitive: The verb tells what a person or thing is, what a person does and what is done to a person. Sometimes verbs require an object to complete its sense and such verbs are called ‘Transitive Verbs’. Verbs which do not require an object to complete its sense is called ‘Intransitive Verbs’. There is classification of verbs into ‘transitive or intransitive’. The same verb can become transitive or intransitive based on how it is used.

For example – the verb ‘stopped’

The car stopped suddenly. (Stopped in this sentence is intransitive)

The anger passengers stopped the train. (Stopped in this sentence is transitive)

Transitive verbs can have a direct object and indirect object. We can identify the ‘direct object’ when we ask ‘whom/what’ to the verb. Indirect object is got when we ask ‘to or for/whom/what’ to the verb.

Practise Exercises

State whether the verbs in the following sentences are transitive or intransitive

  1. She advised me to consult a doctor.
  2. Let us call our grandparents as well.
  3. They waited for two hours.
  4. She received the invite for the wedding.
  5. I am going to send her some flowers.
  6. They have changed a lot after the accident.
  7. Suddenly the bear woke up.
  8. The loud music woke the children.
  9. They will soon discuss the plans.
  10. We heard the beautiful song of the birds.
  11. Can you lend me a hundred pounds?
  12. The waves lashed ceaselessly.
  13. The king appointed him as the minister.
  14. Her grandparents named her Lisa.
  15. Mathew had fallen ill.
  16. The worshippers waited patiently.
  17. Don’t call him a fool.
  18. They are fast asleep.
  19. The dancers seem tired.
  20. This house is not for rent.
  21. They posted the cards to everyone.
  22. We found him guilty.
  23. Gordon told me a secret.
  24. The information seems to be true.
  25. The crow was injured in the gun shot.
  26. The boys always rang the bell to disturb the old man.
  27. The groom lifted the veil of the bride.
  28. Heavy rain fell on us.
  29. The parrot spoke sweetly.
  30. The blind man sang a melodious carol.
  31. She speaks politely.
  32. The cow jumped over the moon.
  33. I ran ten kilometres.
  34. The man lifted the heavy stone very easily.
  35. The President hoisted the flag.
  36. Ring the bell.
  37. The patients waited at the doctor’s clinic.
  38. I know that man.
  39. I gave a bone to the dog in the street.
  40. The child continued to cry.

Pick out the Direct object and Indirect Object from the following sentences

  1. My mother baked a cake for me.
  2. They gave the book to us.
  3. The kitten played with a ball of wool.
  4. The boy gave his fiancé a ring.
  5. For a change, father made dinner for my friends.
  6. My husband bought a purse for me.
  7. Sheep gives us wool.
  8. Grandma told us a story every night.
  9. My teacher gave me a packet of sketch pens.
  10. Paul wrote a letter to the President.