William Wordsworth

Major English Romantic poet William Wordsworth, born in 1770 at Cockermouth, Cumberland, England in the United Kingdom, is considered to be one of the most important literary figures in modern history, as well as one of the leading purveyors of the Romantic Movement in English literature at the end of the 18th century.

William Wordsworth (April 7, 1770 – April 23, 1850) has been one of the finest literary figures in modern history. He studied at Cambridge University. In 1798 he worked on Lyrical Ballads (1798) with Samuel Taylor Coleridge. English poetry was introduced to Romanticism with this collection containing Wordworth’s “Tintern Abbey”.

When he was 7, his mother died and by13 he became an orphan, but studied well at the Hawkshead Grammar School. It was here that he wrote his very first poem and did further studies at Cambridge University to graduate in 1791. In the midst of the French Revolution in 1790, he visited France and became supporter of republican ideals of the new government. He fell in love with Annette Vallon, but got separated from her, though she was pregnant with his child, in 1793 when war was declared between France and England.

With no income in England and left adrift, radicals like William Godwin influenced him. He lived with his younger sister after receiving an inheritance in 1795. He became friends with Samuel Taylor Coleridge and worked with him in 1798 on Lyrical Ballads. Wordsworth wrote an epic autobiographical poem The Prelude in 1850, the same year in which was published. He married Mary Hutchinson in England but before that he was able to see Annette Vallon and Caroline, their daughter. In 1803 his wife Mary gave birth to his first child with her. “Ode: Intimations of Immorality” and “I Wandered Lonely as Cloud”, were pieces published in 1807. I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud’ is one of his best known poems, which shows Wordsworth’s affinity for nature.

William Wordsworth started rejecting radicalism as he grew older. He was named as stamps distributor in 1813 after which he move to Lake District with his family. He ardently supported conservative Tories by 1818. In 1843 he became a poet laureate in England, a role he held until death at Rydal Mount, Westmorland, England, United Kingdom.