Causes, practices and effects of wars-II: Wars were widespread in the 20th century. The causes and practises of the war differed. The effects of wars were most often the same. What is war? War is a fight between two countries or two opposing group of companies. Each country aims to achieve their objective through force. Wars are sometimes fought within the countries and they are called revolutions or civil wars. The name war is given to a sustained fight meaning it should have gone on for few days at least.
Practices of War
Civil war is also known as intrastate war as it is war between groups within the country or state. They generally vie for power in the country. It is generally against the established governance. Civil wars are high intensity battles. Once one group wins then the war comes to an end. Sometimes it is to break away from the mother country and form an independent country.
- Russian Civil War which was fought between 1917 and 1923 was a follow up of the Russian Revolution. The Red Army and the White Army fought against each other to take control over Russia.
- The Spanish Civil War which was fought between 1936 and 1939 between the left-leaning Republicans and the nationalists of Spain.
- Korean War was fought between 1950 and 1953 between North Korea and South Korea. North Korea was supported by China and North Korea by the US.
Guerrilla warfare is an irregular warfare by small group of combatants which does not follow any rule. Sabotages, raids, ambushes hit and run, petty warfare can be called as guerrilla warfare. Chatrapathi Shivaji used this practise to defeat the powerful side of Aurangazeb.
- During the Irish War of Independence between 1919 and 1922, the Irish Republican Army used guerrilla tactics which were both flying columns and urban guerrilla.
- World War I and World War II saw some guerrilla warfare spread over many parts of Europe.
Limited War Vs Total War
Limited war is one where the resources, be it human, military, technology, is not expended fully. The Falklands War between Argentina and United Kingdom over Falkland Islands began on April 2nd 1982, lasted for 74 days, and ended on 14 June 1952. This war is a typical example of a limited war. The war was limited in its objectives; it was limited in location and time. The causalities were also less than thousand on both the sides. The opposite of this is Total War where everything is large-scale and the World Wars are the best examples for a total war.