Causes Practices and effects of wars 4:
Effects of War
Effects of war are both long term and short term and they are wide spread. What happens to the soldiers and civilians are different, nevertheless both suffer in times of war. The wars of the twentieth century were lead by WWI and WWII. Scores of civilians joined the army and the women and children were left with no protection. So there were many atrocities committed on women and children. This has a far reaching effect as it affects emotionally and psychologically. After the world wars, there have been wars where the civilians were also targeted. Loss of lives is the biggest and worst effect of war. It is followed by the psychological imbalance created in human beings who escaped from near death.
In the wars of earlier centuries bombs or cannons were not used so much. But in the twentieth century this was used more and there have been heavy destruction of infrastructure. Some countries like Japan had to start from scratch. Important infrastructures like schools and hospitals were razed to the ground. It was as if the very foundation of the society was shaken. When strategic buildings were destroyed it affected the economy. Economy being affected did not depend on loss on infrastructure alone. War means diversion of all funds for the war. All other necessities take a back seat. People had to leave the jobs to join army and many did not return and this was loss of labour force. When some got back they had no jobs left.
People were displaced from their hometowns. Sometimes it was for the fear of persecution and at other times it was to form another state. For instance there were Jews all over the world and the Jewish leaders gave a call to all to return to Israel. When economy of the country is down, education is affected and the future of the younger generation is jeopardised. With the death of many males, the gender ratio was affected and many women were left hapless. Another strategic effect of the war is the movement of places. People who were living under the German rule suddenly found themselves being ruled by the British. It was very difficult for the people to adjust to the new governance. The people of the same community got together to stay united and to show their strength.
Nothing good can come out of war especially for the losers of war. The victors of war may have consolidated some land but in the process they would lost money and lives and the people of the new land will never feel belonged to the new country.