Adolf Hitler was a famous German politician and leader of a German party, called the Nazi Party. During his reign he committed several war crimes. Around 17 million people including Jews up to 6 million were killed. He showed interest in German nationalism very early which became a motivating force in life later.

Timeline

Adolf Hitler was born on 20th April 1889 in Braunau am Inn, Austria. He committed suicide in his Berlin bunker along with Eva Braun his wife on 30th April 1945.

Country

Germany

Rise to Power

From the year 1933 to 1945, Adolf Hitler was the Chancellor of Germany. While he was in power, for the bulk of his time he served as dictator and leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party or the Nazi Party.

When Adolf Hitler returned to Munich, after the World War I (28th July 1914 - 11th November 1918), he worked for the German military. He became the Nazi Party Chairman after replacing Drexler in 1921. He declared the formation of a new government while announcing that the national revolution had begun on 8th November 1923 at a Beer Hall, German politician and leader, Profile: Adolf Hitler – German politician and leader, Munich.

Hitler made the most of the political opportunity after the Great Depression in Germany, with millions of people remaining unemployed. After being appointed as Chancellor he achieved full control of executive and legislative branches of the government. In Germany the only party declared as political party was Hitler’s Nazi Party on July 14, 1933. In August 1934 he was formally named chancellor and leader, head of government and state, after the cabinet enacted law abolishing the office of President.

Dictatorship

To exclude and restrict Jews in society, Hitler instituted hundreds of laws and regulation from 1933 to 1939. He banned Jewish businesses on 1st April 1933. On 7th April 1933 the Jews were excluded from state services, following the ‘Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service’. In 1934 Jewish actors were forbidden to perform in theatre and films. ‘Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honour’ was set forth to ban marriage between Jewish Germans and non-Jewish. Non-Aryans were deprived of German citizenship benefits as per the Reich Citizenship Law. On 9th and 10th November 1938, hundreds of Jews were killed, Jewish men were arrested in thousands and sent to be killed at concentration camps. Eugenic polices followed by Hitler targeted children with developmental and physical disabilities. For disabled adults a euthanasia program was authorized later.

The World War II led to the genocide, called the Holocaust, which to death of 4 million noncombatants and 6 million Jews.

End of Regime

World War II began when Poland was invaded by Germany on 1st September 1939. Gradually many countries including France, Britain, Belgium, Norway, Netherlands, Denmark, Luxembourg, Soviet Union, and North Africa got involved in the War. On D-Day on 6th June 1944, organized efforts were made by the Western Allied Armies to assassinated Hitler. Afraid of being caught by the enemies, Hitler and his wife Eva Braun committed suicide on 30th April 1945.

Short Term Impact

Short term impact of Hitler’s regime include less poverty, restoration of the economy and more jobs, though many of the Germans at that time did not recognize these things.

Long Term Impact

The fascist policies he initiated led to World War II and deaths of people in millions. Germany surrendered to the Allies unconditionally on 7th May 1945, five days later after Berlin fell on 2nd May 1945. Defeat of fascism and end of dominance of Germany on European history, marked the end of Hitler’s defeat. Aftermath of World War II’s devastating violence emerged with the Cold War a new ideological conflict all over the globe.

Trivia

While in prison for the ‘Beer Hall Putsch’ Hitler wrote his autobiographical book ‘Mein Kampf’ meaning ‘my struggle’ which was translated later into 11 languages.

Hitler imposed dietary restrictions including abstinence from meat and alcohol, on himself. All across Germany he promoted anti-smoking campaigns and encouraged Germans to keep their bodies pure of unclean and intoxicating substances.

He never exercised and had no interest in games and sports.

He watched movies at his private theatre almost every night.

Hitler enjoyed viewing movies secretly made by his staff about execution and torture of political prisoners.