Top 20 Figures of Speech

Top 20 Figures of Speech

1. Alliteration
The repetition of an initial consonant sound.

2. Anaphora
The repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses or verses.

3. Antithesis
The combination of contrasting ideas in balanced phrases.

4. Apostrophe
Breaking off discourse to address some absent person or thing, some abstract quality, an inanimate object, or a nonexistent character.

5. Assonance
Identity or similarity in sound between internal vowels in neighboring words.

6. Chiasmus
A verbal pattern in which the second half of an expression is balanced against the first but with the parts reversed.

7. Euphemism
The substitution of an inoffensive term for one considered offensively explicit.

8. Hyperbole

An extravagant statement; the use of exaggerated terms for the purpose of emphasis or heightened effect.

9. Irony
The use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning. A statement or situation where the meaning is contradicted by the appearance or presentation of the idea.

10. Litotes
A figure of speech consisting of an understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by negating its opposite.

11. Metaphor
An implied comparison between two unlike things that actually have something important in common.

12. Metonymy
A figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated; also, the rhetorical strategy of describing something indirectly by referring to things around it.

13. Onomatopoeia
The use of words that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to.

14. Oxymoron
A figure of speech in which incongruous or contradictory terms appear side by side.

15. Paradox
A statement that appears to contradict itself.

16. Personification
A figure of speech in which an inanimate object or abstraction is endowed with human qualities or abilities.

17. Pun
A play on words, sometimes on different senses of the same word and sometimes on the similar sense or sound of different words.

18. Simile
A stated comparison (usually formed with “like” or “as”) between two fundamentally dissimilar things that have certain qualities in common.

19. Synecdoche
A figure of speech in which a part is used to represent the whole (for example, ABCs for alphabet) or the whole for a part (“England won the World Cup in 1966”).

20. Understatement
A figure of speech in which a writer or a speaker deliberately makes a situation seem less important or serious than it is.

Top 20 Figures of Speech

Function of ApostropheFunction of Apostrophe

Function of Apostrophe: The Apostrophe has two functions; one is to mark possession and the other is to indicate omission. So when we talk about ‘the tail of the monkey’ we say it as ‘monkey’s tail’. For nouns ending with ‘s’ in their plural form, the apostrophe should not be

Function of CommaFunction of Comma

Function of Comma: Comma is a punctuation mark used in sentences mainly to separate the parts of the sentences. It is a tool that aids the reader to read better, without misreading the meaning intended. Comma is used to separate a list of three or more things. It used to