Tourism all over the world is doing excellent business. New pastures are being explored and a major chunk of a country’s revenue comes from the tourism industry. This naturally means that more people are dependent on tourism for their livelihood. Therefore the quality of life of many, have seen a significant rise. However, whether this will last long is a million dollar question. For, unmonitored tourism results in abusing the environment of the tourists’ spots and before long the place will become a nuisance value. So it is the duty of the governments and the people to work towards eco-tourism.
Cases of Threats
Beaches in UK and Haiti have closed because of radioactivity and sewage problems respectively. The number of tourists coming to Mexico City has reduced and the main reason is the high air pollution there. Algal blossoms look nice but if is found in waters where swimming attracted tourist, then the same algal blossoms are a nuisance. This is exactly what happened in the Adriatic. This is the result of many factors like tourism, industrial growth, indifference to environment issues which results in exploiting the natural resources. In the long run, good and well preserved environment alone will sustain tourism.
The good news is that there is a shift in the way tourism business looks at environment. They have realised only clean and safe environments can be projected as places of tourism. So they are looking for partnerships for such causes. A good example was the Expo Seville – a world fair which attracted lots of tourists from all over the world. Along with this fair this place got beautified and there was a boost to the public services. This might be a one-time attraction but it is for such models that the tourism business to looking up to. This will create a win-win situation for tourism and environment.
Natural And Eco Tourism
Natural tourism has become very popular over the last few decades. By this we mean that natural resources are used to attract tourists. So there will be river rafting in rivers which pose a challenge in its course. Motor biking in tough countryside is another attraction for tourists. Now these tourists can pollute the environment with the things they use like cans, plastics; air pollution from vehicles and so forth. This can pose threats to the environment. So the concept of eco-tourism has emerged and is catching on. These areas where natural tourism is popular should be protected from the careless abuse by the tourists.
Eco tourism aims at conserving the environment and at the same time it should benefit the locals. The volume of the visitors will be controlled. Eco tourism will be focused at maintain and enhancing the serenity of the natural beauty of the places. This can be done only with the help of tourist agents and local people. If this is implemented by all tourist agencies then tourism and travel will improve the quality of life and at the same time will not pose a threat to environment.