Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde (October 16, 1854 – November 30, 1900) was an Irish playwright and poet born in Westland Row, Dublin, Republic of Ireland. Throughout the 1880s, after his writing in various forms, he became a popular playwright in London in the early 1890s. He was married to Constance Lloyd from 1884 to 1898. From 1874 to 1878, he studied at Portora Royal School, Trinity College and Magdalen College, Oxford. For best dramatic presentation, he won the Retro Hugo Award.
Known well for his flamboyant style and brilliant wit, in late Victorian England, he was a very popular figure in the world of literature. This playwright, author and poet, was also imprisoned for his infamous homosexuality. Oscar Wilde graduated from Oxford University and then became an art critic and lectured as poet. As far as principles of aestheticism are concerned, he became a leading proponent.
‘The Picture of Dorian Gray’ a cautionary tale of Dorian Gray a beautiful young man who wishes that while he lives a life of pleasure and sin, he remains youthful as well, was his only novel published in 1891. The Victorian critics panned it as immoral. However it is now considered as one of his most notable works. Oscar Wilde’s most famous play was The Importance of Being Earnest (1895), while his satirical comedies ‘A Woman Of No Importance (1893) and Lady Windermere’s Fan (1892) were well received.
In 1895, due to ‘gross indecency’ he was arrested for an affair with a young man. This was at a time when literacy success was enjoyed at its greatest by Oscar Wilde. He was put into prison for 2 years and after 3 years at the age of 46 years, when he was released, he died, but in poverty. He died at French Third Republic, Paris, France. One of his most famous quotes is, ‘We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars’.