Surya Sen

Surya Sen (March 22, 1894 – January 12, 1934) was born in Chittagong, Bangladesh. He was influential in the movement for Indian Independence as an activist.  In British India, he raided Chittagong in Bengal by looting the 1930 Chittagong Armoury. He completed his education at the University of Calcutta where one of his teachers created awareness in him about Indian Independence Movement. Revolutionary and nationalist ideals attracted him greatly and he joined Anushilan Samity, a revolutionary organization. By profession Sen was a school teacher. He was selected as President of the Indian National Congress, Chittagong in 1918.

Surya Sen’s brilliant effort and actions gained him popularity. With a bold step he influenced young teenagers against the British Cantonment in Chittagong. In the beginning many of his attempts were successful and when he failed many revolutionaries were arrested as well. He raided the auxillary forces and armoury of police in Chittagong on April 18, 1930 with a revolutionary group. They looted arms, hoisted the national flag of India on the armoury premises and escaped. British troops tried to corner them but Sen along with some others managed to flee and went into hiding. Netra Sen who hid Sen in his house, informed the British and Sen was caught in February 1933. However Netra Sen was beheaded by a revolutionary. The British brutally tortured Surya Sen, by breaking all his teeth, joints and limbs, pulling out his nails and then finally dragging him unconscious to the rope to be hanged on January 12, 1934.

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