UN Peacekeeping

UN Peacekeeping

UN peacekeeping has undergone a procedure of progression from simpler safeguard type forces forced between hostile forces to support a cease-fire to more intricate multidimensional kinds of operations that may include the peace-building of failed states. The ONUC, United Nations Operations in the Congo is typical case where the peace keeping force became a military force. Around 20,000 troops were stationed from 1960 to 1964. Congo after its independence was full of conflicts and was totally unsRead More…

Rwanda and Srebrenica

Rwanda and Srebrenica

Rwanda and Srebrenica: While examining the evolution of UN peacekeeping two cases stand out. Out of the more than fifty cases since 1945 these two cases calls for special attention and that is the genocide that happened in Rwanda in 1994 and the brutal killing of about eight thousand Bosnian Moslems in Srebrenica in Bosnia in the year 1955. These horrendous events occurred when Kofi Annan, was the Under-Secretary-General for UN Peacekeeping. These two events symbolized some the all-time low iRead More…

Regionalization of UN Peacekeeping

The Growing Regionalization of UN Peacekeeping

The Growing Regionalization of UN Peacekeeping The United Nations have been criticised on many grounds as far as the peacekeeping operations are concerned. There have been so many unsuccessful operations and it could be attributed to lack of resources and overstress due to the number and enormity of the peacekeeping operations. One method that has been adopted to compensate these failures is regionalization of peacekeeping. Dependence of Regional Organizations In the 90s UN was involveRead More…

UN Peacekeeping

Resurgence of UN Peacekeeping in the New Millennium

Resurgence of UN Peacekeeping in the New Millennium: After the let-downs in Rwanda and Yugoslavia during the 1990s, there was a major downscaling of the UN peacekeeping.  The size of the blue helmets volunteers in the field was condensed from the earlier 70,000 to 14,000. In 1999 there was a rapid swell in demand for the UN peacekeeping force, and a readiness to increase the force, by Secretary-General Kofi Annan to meet the need saw more members in the UN peacekeeping force in the beginning ofRead More…

Challenges to Soviet

Soviet Control: Central and Eastern Europe and the Balkans

Stalinist economic system began to stagnate in USSR and Europe by late 1950s and they could not deliver all that was promised. This was truer for governments where USSR imposed its system. Polish economists were the first to voice the need for reforms but their leader Gomulka refused to initiate the reforms. Hungary implemented more economic reforms in the 1968. Developments in Soviet Union always affected its satellites in Eastern Europe. However some of them went ahead of USSR in bringing abouRead More…

Domestic policies and impact

Domestic Policies and Impacts

Domestic Policies and Impacts Domestic policies and impact: Single Party states came up after the European countries gave up their control over the countries in Asia and Africa. The new states were greatly influenced by communism and even the dictatorial rule in Germany, Italy, Cuba and many other places. Some of these states tried to model after a single party state. Each country had a different background for a single party to come up. Most often they states had strong undisputed leaders and Read More…

Defining a Mixed Economy

Defining a Mixed Economy

Defining a Mixed Economy What Is A Mixed Economy Defining a Mixed Economy – The characteristics of both socialism as well as capitalism are reflected in a mixed economy. In fact it includes both, government and private control. It is also termed as a marriage or a golden path, between socialism and capitalism. There is freedom in the economy along with market regulation by the government in the mixed economy. In the national economy the weakness and strength of each company could vary much betRead More…